Sub-national Units in Transition: IR Theory and Emerging Actors in a Multi-level Environment

  • İbrahim Alper Arısoy Dokuz Eylül University
  • Semra Aytug Dokuz Eylül University
  • Adriano Giovannelli University of Genoa
Keywords: European integration, multi-level system, regionalisation, sub-national units.

Abstract

Abstract

While European integration has gained momentum following the Treaty of Maastricht, a discourse on “Europe of the regions” has come to the fore, with the presumption that the sub-national units become, or are supposed to become, active dynamics of the integration process. However, this dominant discourse seems to take the “actorness” of sub-national units for granted, without questioning their rather passive position in the face of both national and supranational actors. In turn, this passive position gives rise to a reaction – albeit in some cases reluctantly – from the part of sub-national units. As a matter of fact, the research on which the present paper is based suggests that while their involvement in interaction at both national and supra-national levels varies from country to country, and even from one region to another within any given member state, these units tend to “individualise” for certain reasons. Among others, the main factors of individualisation are ever-growing competition and devolution of not only competences, but also public finance burdens which forces the sub-national units to act increasingly in individual terms. The paper aims to share some observations on the transformation of these units, focusing on the case of Italy. 

Author Biographies

İbrahim Alper Arısoy, Dokuz Eylül University
Dokuz Eylül University, Faculty of Business,Turkey
Semra Aytug, Dokuz Eylül University
Dokuz Eylül University, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Scinces,Turkey
Adriano Giovannelli, University of Genoa
 University of Genoa, Faculty of Political Science, Italy
Published
2011-10-30
How to Cite
Arısoy, İbrahim A., Aytug, S., & Giovannelli, A. (2011). Sub-national Units in Transition: IR Theory and Emerging Actors in a Multi-level Environment. International Journal of Contemporary Economics and Administrative Sciences, 1(4), 313-327. Retrieved from http://ijceas.com/index.php/ijceas/article/view/36
Section
Articles