Changing of Labour Force Structure within the Concern of Safety and Health at work: Case of Turkey as an Emerging Economy
During the last 30 years, we have witnessed an information and communication technology revolution, not only in highly developed industrial societies but even in developing societies. It means that these developments are reshaping business stiles, skill structures and the organization of enterprises. Through this, they are bringing fundamental changes to the labor market, and to society as a whole. The new pace of change, and modes of production it engenders, requires broader-based skills and new production processes to respond to constantly changing market demands.
In these processes of changing work structure, in the future not only highly educated worker will find a job, but jobs are going to be served by well trained workers. May be traditional or manual jobs will remain, but their relative importance will decline in very recent years. Especially the huge number of workers employed in agricultural sector in developing countries is going to be lost their jobs and move to urban sector.
In our days, the vision of social and economic systems under the process of globalization is increasingly taken in concern, the solution to the problems of cities. Specially, not only identity of cities and identity of citizenship with in the corcern of information society’s democratic and social values, but also the huge immigrant flow has been shaping the cities of Turkey. In this case process of development which has been deeply discussed within the approach of the European Declaration of Urban Rights How urbanization process affect new comers in city livings and emloyment: with in the concern of knowledge on the urban structure, culture, using of urban area and the politics of transnation of city livings.
According to The European Declaration Of Urban Rights in Chapter Economic development in cities ‘The opportunity for employment is the right of every person of working age in the community, in order that they can participate through their own endeavours in the fruits of what the urban area has to offer’. However newcomers in cities of Turkey have had other serious problems at working places within the concern of occupational health and safety for the reason of lack of ability in urban sectors. Huge number of newcomers of Turkish cities came from rural area with the skills of agricultural sectors without non agricultural sectors working experience. Most of them need to have an effective training program can reduce the number of injuries and deaths, property damage, legal liability, illnesses, workers' compensation claims, and missed time from work. The European Agency for Safety and Health at Work was set up in 1996. Its mission is "to make Europe's workplaces safer, healthier and more productive”. In this sense one can easily mention that to ensure good OSH performance as it is recognized can succeed with the training of new recruited workers.
In this study, in the shaping of urbanized identities, it has been discussed within the concern of social, economic and cultural changing. How new comers were effected within the concern of social and economic system of cities-Turkey. Special attention is going to be given to enrollment of employment and occupational health and safety in working life.
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