Political Institutionalization and Economic Rents: The Case of Turkey from 1923 to 1960

Keywords: Economic rents, Turkish Republican history, democratic transformation, mono-party regime

Abstract

The theory of D. North, J. Wallis and B. Weingast (NWW), namely rational choice institutionalism, is applied here to Turkish history from 1923 to 1960. Economic rents are considered as the fundamental mechanisms to stop violence among the powerful groups in order to form a political unity in the emerging states/developing countries. It is asserted here that the Republic of Turkey created economic rents through economic interventionism and centrally planned economy during the mono-party regime years. Therefore, there are strict relations between the political institutionalization of Turkey as a mono-party regime and the interventionist economic policies of the Turkey from 1923 to 1950. The high scale of economic rents during the democratic era from 1950 to 1960 also undermined the political freedom in Tukey and destabilized the democratic political system.

Author Biography

Buğra Kalkan, Izmir Katip Celebi University
Department of Political Science and Public Administration
Published
2017-01-01
How to Cite
Kalkan, B. (2017). Political Institutionalization and Economic Rents: The Case of Turkey from 1923 to 1960. International Journal of Contemporary Economics and Administrative Sciences, 6(3-4), 1-30. Retrieved from http://ijceas.com/index.php/ijceas/article/view/147
Section
Articles